All of us know the three "R"s of school i.e. Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic. What many people do not know are the four "R"s of Early Childhood: Repetition, Reinforcement, Redirection, and Reward.
Repetition: Children learn through repetition. Piaget felt that it is through repetition that children feel comfortable with their play patterns to adapt them and move into new ways to think and learn. They must master their current skills before moving on to new ones.
Reinforcement: Some people see reinforcement in the same way they see reward, but with children it is not always the same thing. When we ask them to do something that is difficult for them but something that we as adults see as easy they can feel like we are making them walk a tight rope without a net. Reinforcement here is similar to being their safety net.
Redirection: Anyone who has ever worked with young children will tell you that their attention span is not extensive. They sometimes need some help to stay focused on the task at hand. Repetition does not always mean that we need to come at an issue from the same direction. You may popover to to http://www.lemanmanhattan.org/, if you need to know more about early childhood development and its benefits.
Reward: This is what we are all working toward. For the children, reward may mean extra time playing, their choice of music at the end of the day, or even something as simple as a hug or a high five. For the parents and professionals working with these children it can mean their first steps, first words, early reading, and increased interest in future learning and developmental tasks.