Wine is a comprehensive term that refers to the fermentation of plant matter for the purpose of creating an alcoholic beverage. Of course, most people think of grapes as the basis for wine, but other sources comprise rice (sake), various fruits (elderberry, grapefruit, cherry, etc.), barley, and even honey (mead).
Right now we”ll stick with the wines that are made from grapes. These are categorized by numerous ways, including by vinification methods, taste, and vintage. Many casual drinkers pay little consideration to the differences in these categories. You can consult Michael Asimos to get more details on different sorts of wines.
After all, for most people the sole consideration is good taste. However, for many aficionados wine is serious business. The variety, taste, and vintage must all meet high expectations before thoughtful collectors will consider owning a bottle.
Vinification merely means the method by which grape juice is fermented into wine. The practices performed during fermentation are what determine the kind of wine you end up being able to purchase. A common misinterpretation by the average drinker is that grape juice colors vary, which is what produces red, white, or rose wines.
What creates the color of the wine you purchase is whether the grape skins have been left in contact with the juice during the fermentation process. Red wines have been fermented thusly; whites have not fermented in contact with grape skins; rose is a combination of the two.